HUMAN BEINGS ARE LITERALLY ON THE MOVE

The Canada Research Chair in Immigration and Security has for mission to:
• Propose a multidisciplinary dialogue on security and the securitization of international migration

• Enrich our empirical understanding of the multifaceted migration-security nexus with the help of a comparative analysis of several countries

ABOUT US

Human beings are quite literally on the move. In its 2015 report, the International Organization for Migration put the number of international migrants at over 230 million. If they all resided in the same country, it would be the fifth most populated one of the planet, ahead of Brazil and Russia. This explosion in the number of migrants has led to a profound change in how international migration has been perceived since the early 1990s. Previously viewed through a largely economic lens, international migrations have become a security concern for many countries, to the point where researchers now speak in terms of the securitization of migration.

It is important to recognize that the security system for migration does not apply solely to one particular category of migrants (e.g., “illegal” immigrants). Admittedly, some migrants categories are more ‘’affected’’ than others by a security lens. Nevertheless, this disparity must not conceal that securitization covers international migration as a whole—hence the need to gather knowledge in this field and analyze the role of rupture and continuity in the evolution of immigration policy, from both a domestic and international perspective.

Furthermore, migration is not in itself a question of security. Yet, binding migration and security together is not normatively nor politically neutral. According to Bourbeau’s research, characterizing migration as a threat to security not only legitimizes the use of measures that have serious consequences, but compels us to ponder the relationship between securitization of migration and other social questions—such as radicalization, crime and how we perceive it, gender and multiculturalism/interculturalism.

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THEORY

METHOD

RECOGNITION

Propose a multidisciplinary theorization framework of security Ensure a better empirical understanding of the multifaceted migration-security nexus, on the basis a comparative analysis of several countries Become the Canadian reference of international scope on migration and security issues

CHAIRHOLDER

PHILIPPE BOURBEAU

  • Director, Graduate School of International Studies
  • Chairholder, Canada Research Chair in Immigration and Security
  • Associate Professor, Department of Political Science

Chairholder’s expertise

  • Political Science
  • Security
  • Migrations
  • International relations
  • Comparative Politics
  • Multidisciplinarity
  • Methodological pluralism

Biography

Philippe Bourbeau is the first Director of the Graduate School in International Studies at the University Laval. Bourbeau is Chairholder of the Canada Research Chair in Immigration and Security and Associate Professor in the Department of Political Science at the University Laval. His work adopts a multidisciplinary approach to international issues. He has published articles on the securitization of migration, the power of numbers in global governance, resilience as applied to world politics, the practice approach in international relations, and a multidisciplinary theorization of security. His most recent books include On Resilience, Genealogy, Logics and World Politics (Cambridge University Press, 2018), Security: Dialogue across Disciplines (Cambridge University Press, 2015) and The Securitization of Migration (Routledge, 2013). He holds a PhD from the University of British Columbia. Prior to coming to the University Laval he was Lecturer in the Department of Politics and International Studies at the University of Cambridge, UK.

Previous positions

  • Lecturer, Department of Politics and International Studies, University of Cambridge
  • Assistant professor, Department of Political Science, University of Namur, Belgium

Formation

  • PhD – University of British Columbia
  • M.A. – Université du Québec à Montréal
  • B.A. – Université du Québec à Montréal

RESEARCH ASSISTANTS

JULIE FOURNIER

Master’s candidate in the Public Affairs – public management program of the University Laval, Julie Fournier holds a bachelor’s degree in Public Affairs and International Relations, for which she graduated on the Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences’ honours list with distinction. Throughout her academic career, she has notably been involved as an ambassador for the Public Affairs and International Relations’ association as well as within the Canada Research Chair in Immigration and Security.

RESEARCH INTERESTS

  • International Relations
  • American political institutions
  • Public administration in Canada and Quebec
  • Electoral process in the United States, Canada and Quebec
  • Public policy analysis and assessments
  • Lobbies

JOHANNA DANTAS CARNEIRO

Master’s candidate in the Master’s of Business Administration (MBA) program, specialized in international management, Johanna Dantas Carneiro, originally from France, also holds a bachelor’s degree in Political Science from the University Laval. Throughout her academic career, she took part in the International Model NATO in Washington, D.C. both on the Military Committee and the North Atlantic Council. She is also a Business Development Officer for the Trade Missions (Missions Commerciales) of the University Laval and represents a Quebec company in Poland.

RESEARCH INTERESTS

  • International Relations
  • International Trade
  • Project Management
  • Crisis Management
  • International Marketing

ÉTIENNE HIVON

Étienne Hivon is currently completing a bachelor’s degree in Public Affairs and International Relations in the University Laval, for which he will be graduating with the Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences’ honours list with distinction. Throughout his academic career, Étienne was working at the Canada Research Chair in Immigration and Security and was involved with numerous diplomatic simulations of the United Nations, as a delegate in New York and Banff and later as the vice-president in New York. Étienne will pursue his academic endeavor in the Graduate School of International Studies’ program, with a concentration in international trade and investment, in the University Laval, beginning in September 2019.

RESEARCH INTERESTS

  • International Trade
  • Economic International Relations
  • Water-related conflicts
  • International Economic Law
  • Environmental Law

PAULINE FRITZ

Studying in Sciences Po Paris, Pauline Fritz is currently underway to obtain her bachelor’s degree in Political Science with a major in Humanities as well as a concentration on the African continent. In addition to her studies, she presides the association Interagir, which works for the integration of refugees in France. She has also been editor-in-chief of the jeunes Européens journal and an intern for Northern Lights Aid, a humanitarian organization in Greece. Native of Germany, she obtained her ABITUR in Washington, D.C. She will complete her bachelor’s senior year in the Uppsala University in Sweden, focusing on Human Rights and Refugee Rights.

MAXIME LEBLOND

Maxime Leblond will be a Master’s candidate in Political Science at the University of Ottawa as of September 2019, where he will be benefiting from the support of the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council and of the Fonds de recherche du Québec – Société et culture. He holds a bachelor’s degree in Political Science from the University Laval, with a Distinction profile, for which he graduated on the Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences’ honours list with distinction and with the Scholarship of leadership and sustainable development. He was also an intern for Canada’s House of Commons, where he then worked as a parliamentary assistant, and he has been involved in his community for a long time, notably having supervised the students of Cégep Limoilou participating to the Student Forum of the National Assembly from 2015 to 2019.

RESEARCH INTERESTS

  • Canadian Foreign Policy
  • American Foreign Policy
  • Canadian-American Relations
  • Defence and Security Policies
  • Political Psychology
  • International Relations
  • Canadian Politics
  • Quebec’s Politics

MASTER’S RESEARCH PROJECT

‘‘The influence of personal and psychological predispositions of American and Canadian heads of government on the state of Canadian-American relations’’  

CAMILLE LEFEVBRE

Holding a bachelor’s degree in Law from the University Laval (2016), Camille Lefebvre also completed with success the Continuing Legal Education division of the Quebec Bar’s exams in 2017. She is currently completing a Master of International and Transnational Law at the University Laval (2019), under the supervision of Professor Fannie Lafontaine, for which she focuses on Immigration Law in Canada and International Refugee Law.

Member of the Canada Research Chair in International Criminal Justice and Human Rights and of the Canada Research Chair in Immigration and Security, Camille is also a volunteer for the International Criminal and Humanitarian Law Clinic (Clinique en droit international pénal et humanitaire) of the University Laval. She assumes functions of research assistant and lecturer since 2018. Throughout her academic career, Camille was involved with the Legal Information Bureau, with the Lawyers Without Borders Committee, with the United Nations Association of the University Laval in addition to being a member of the review board of the academic blog Quid Justitiae. She represented the University Laval in 2018 at the Charles-Rousseau Moot Court Competition in France.

RESEARCH INTERESTS

  • Immigration Law
  • International Refugee Law
  • International Human Rights Law
  • Transitional justice

PUBLICATIONS 

« La reconnaissance du génocide culturel au Canada », Collections de la Fondation Varenne, collection « Colloques & Essais » (with Fannie Lafontaine and Catherine Savard) [forthcoming]

« The 47th Annual Conference of the Canadian Council on International Law: Navigating the Frontiers of International Law », Canadian Council on International Law [in revision] (with Catherine Savard)

OLGA GOULET DOYON

Olga Goulet Doyon is a senior student of the bachelor’s degree in Political Science in the University Laval. She was an intern at Quebec’s National Assembly as part of the ‘’Pages’’ program for 2017-2018. She was a participant in the International profile program of the University Laval, which allowed her to study abroad at the East Anglia University in England in the fall of 2019. She plans to pursue her academic career as a Master’s candidate in Political Science.

RESEARCH INTERESTS

  • International Relations
  • Parliamentary Institutions
  • Feminist and Gender Studies

ALICE LAROCHELLE

Alice Larochelle is a bachelor student of Political Science, international profile, in the University Laval. Throughout her academic career, she was involved in various activities, namely as a delegate for the African Union Simulation of the University Laval in 2017 for the Committee on Peace and Security in Washington, D.C. She has since then took on an executive role as Vice-president of finance and budget for 2018-2019.

RESEARCH INTERESTS

  • International security
  • Canadian Foreign Policy
  • International Relations
  • Sustainable Development

ANNE-SOPHIE LAPOINTE

Anne-Sophie Lapointe is a Master’s candidate in the Graduate School of International Studies’ program in the University Laval, international security profile. She also holds a bachelor’s degree in International Studies and Modern Languages from the University Laval, public communication profile. During her bachelor’s degree, she had the opportunity to complete a semester abroad at the Universidad Andrés Bello in Santiago, Chile. Throughout her academic career, Anne-Sophie was involved in various activities, notably as a delegate and president of the Organization of American States Simulation of the University Laval (WMOAS-Laval).

RESEARCH INTERESTS

  • International Relation
  • International Refugee Law
  • International Public Law
  • International Security
  • International Migrations
  • Canadian Foreign Policy

 

CURRENT RESEARCH PROJECTS

Master’s essay : Political and legal foundations of the Safe Third Country concept in International Refugee Law (Les fondements politiques et juridiques du concept de tiers pays sûr en droit international des réfugiés)

AURORE SACCAGI

Aurore Saccagi holds a Master’s Degree of the Graduate School of International Studies in international development from the University Laval. She also holds a bachelor’s degree in International Studies and Modern Languages from the University Laval as well. Her fields of interest are human rights and gender studies, particularly in regards to international migrations. Throughout her academic career, she has been involved with other topics, namely China and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, along with participating to the Culture Law and Copyright Clinic (Clinique du droit de la culture et du droit d’auteur) and to the International Criminal and Humanitarian Law Clinic (Clinique en droit international pénal et humanitaire).

Publications and conferences

Saccagi Aurore, Picard François-Olivier, Therrien Olivier and King Chun Hui. (2018) « Les enjeux politiques et économiques de la BAII », Regards Géopolitiques, Vol.4, No.3, 60-67 pp.

https://cqegheiulaval.files.wordpress.com/2018/11/vol4no3-specialbri_automne2018.pdf

 

Colloque du CQEG – Les nouvelles routes de la soie Thursday March 22 and Friday March 23, 2018

https://cqegheiulaval.com/les-nouvelles-routes-de-la-soie-colloque-du-cqeg-jeudi-22-et-vendredi-23-mars-2018-salle-jean-paul-tardif-pavillon-la-laurentienne-universite-laval-qc-canada/

 

DAVID TOULOUSE

Master’s candidate in the Graduate School of International Studies’ program in the University Laval, David Toulouse also holds a bachelor’s degree in History. Throughout his studies, he has notably worked as a research assistant at the Canada Research Chair in Immigration and Security. He plans to complete his master, with a concentration in international security, in winter 2020.

Research interests

  • International Relations
  • Canadian foreign policy
  • Terrorism
  • International security
  • International migrations

ANDRÉE-ANNE BEAUDOIN-JULIEN

Andrée-Anne Beaudoin-Julien is a doctoral candidate in clinical psychology in the University Laval and holds a bachelor’s degree in Psychology – Research and Intervention concentration – from the University Laval as well. Her research interests focus on resilience, trauma, the migratory process and the acculturation of migrants, along with intercultural intervention.

FLORENCE VEILLEUX

Former International Bachelor (Baccalauréat International (IB)) student of Cégep de Garneau, Florence is currently completing her bachelor’s degree in Public Affairs and International Relations, sustainable development profile, in the University Laval. She plans to carry on her studies to a master’s degree.

DELPHINE FLEURENT-NOURRY

Delphine Fleurent-Nourry is a Master’s candidate in Spatial Planning and Regional Development. She also holds a bachelor’s degree in Public Affairs and International Relations from the University Laval, with a minor in sustainable development, as well as a microprogram in Spanish language. Throughout her bachelor’s studies, she was an intern for the Quebec National Assembly in 2017 and 2018 as part of the ‘‘Pages’’ program, for which she completed a research on inter-parliamentary relations.

BLANCHE ROY-BROUARD

Blanche Roy-Brouard recently completed a bachelor’s degree in International Studies and Modern Languages. Throughout the last three years, she also participated as a delegate and coordinator of pedagogical affairs of the African Union Simulation (DESUAL) of the Howard University in Washington, D.C. Political and migratory issues of the African continent and the Middle East region and of the Arab world are her main interests. Having completed a semester abroad in Morocco, Blanche also has the objective to learn the Arabic language and to be involved in particular in the conflicts’ resolution currently taking place in the area.

RESEARCH INTERESTS

  • Politics
  • International Relations
  • Immigration

ANTOINE MCNICOLL

Antoine is currently a candidate in the Master’s in Political Science program, with internship and essay, in the University Laval. He holds a bachelor’s degree in Political Science from the University Laval. As part of his bachelor’s degree, he completed a semester abroad at l’Institut d’études politique de Lille in France.

RESEARCH INTERESTS

  • International Relations
  • Nationalism
  • Illiberal democracies
  • International Interventions

GUSTAVE PINAULTS-MASSON

Gustave Pinault-Masson is a Master’s candidate in Political Science, with thesis, in the University Laval under Sylvie Loriaux’s supervision. He completed a Bachelor of Arts with Honors in Psychology, with a minor in Political Science, from the University of Ottawa. Throughout his academic career, he was involved in numerous activities. Namely, he was a member of the Cognition Laboratory of the University of Ottawa and a member of the Psycho-Bee-Lab of the University of Ottawa. He also held the position of Director of Bilingualism and Translation within the Psychology Student’s Association of the University of Ottawa for a year and a half. He arrived in Quebec City in June 2018 and has already begun to get involved in the university community. He is a member of AIESEC Laval (Association parascolaire internationale des étudiants en sciences économiques et commerciales) and now works within the Canada Research Chair in Immigration and Security.

RESEARCH INTERESTS

  • Cognition, social psychology
  • Learning, behaviour and conditioning
  • Political philosophy
  • Social philosophy
  • International relations
  • Comparative politics
  • Political violence
  • Democracy

CONFERENCE

Interdisciplinary Conference on Psychology, Annual Honours Thesis Conference at Ryerson University

CHENOUR OECHSLIN

Chenour Oechslin is studying sociology in the University Laval. From Iranian Kurdish descent, she lived in Switzerland where she undertook higher education studies in special education. She practised the profession of childcare worker for about ten years and, eager to fulfill a professional retraining, she began sociology studies in the University Laval. Throughout the first year of her academic career, she was involved in various activities, namely working as an interpreter for the City of Quebec (CIUSSS). She also is a member of the executive committee of the Sociology Students Association of the University Laval (Regroupement des étudiantes et étudiants en sociologie de l’Université Laval).

SAMUEL L'HEUREUX

Samuel L’Heureux holds a bachelor’s degree in Political Science from the University Laval, distinction profile, for which he graduated with the Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences’ honours list with distinction. He is currently a Master’s candidate in Political Science in the University of Ottawa.

RESEARCH INTERESTS

  • International interventions
  • Responsibility to protect
  • Canadian and American Foreign Policy
MEET OUR FINANCIAL

PARTNERS

SSHRC_Fip_reversed_fra (1)
Social Science Faculty
Canada Research Chair in Immigration and Security
Political Science Department
Building De Koninck
1030, av. des Sciences-Humaines, office 5321
Université Laval
Québec (Québec) G1V 0A6, CANADA
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