Human beings are quite literally on the move. In its 2015 report, the International Organization for Migration put the number of international migrants at over 230 million. If they all resided in the same country, it would be the fifth most populated one of the planet, ahead of Brazil and Russia. This explosion in the number of migrants has led to a profound change in how international migration has been perceived since the early 1990s. Previously viewed through a largely economic lens, international migrations have become a security concern for many countries, to the point where researchers now speak in terms of the securitization of migration.
It is important to recognize that the security system for migration does not apply solely to one particular category of migrants (e.g., “illegal” immigrants). Admittedly, some migrants categories are more ‘’affected’’ than others by a security lens. Nevertheless, this disparity must not conceal that securitization covers international migration as a whole—hence the need to gather knowledge in this field and analyze the role of rupture and continuity in the evolution of immigration policy, from both a domestic and international perspective.
Furthermore, migration is not in itself a question of security. Yet, binding migration and security together is not normatively nor politically neutral. According to Bourbeau’s research, characterizing migration as a threat to security not only legitimizes the use of measures that have serious consequences, but compels us to ponder the relationship between securitization of migration and other social questions—such as radicalization, crime and how we perceive it, gender and multiculturalism/interculturalism.
Propose a multidisciplinary theorization framework of security
Ensure a better empirical understanding of the multifaceted migration-security nexus, on the basis a comparative analysis of several countries
Become the Canadian reference of international scope on migration and security issues